First discovered in humans in 2019, COVID-19 is a coronavirus strain. In addition to being called Coronaviruses, this family of viruses includes a wide range of viruses. Some coronaviruses cause cold-like illnesses in humans, while in animals, such as camels and bats, they cause disease. Animals, such as dogs or cats, can contract canine and feline coronaviruses, not transmitted to humans.
Table of Contents
- The COVID-19 Abbreviation Stands for:
- A Virus Causes COVID-19 Called What?
- How Long does it take for COVID-19 to Spread?
- How COVID-19 is Spreading:
- It is Possible to Spread COVID-19 in Three Ways:
- COVID 19 A Quick Overview:
- New COVID Symptoms:
- An Illuminated Side-Mask Headpiece:
- Keep a distance of 6 feet or more Between you and the People around you:
- 6 Feet Away from Other People in Public:
- Wash the Icon with your Hands:
- Coughs and Sneezes:
- Disinfect and Sanitize:
- Covid 19 Testing:
- The Human Body’s Reaction to Covid 19:
- Infection of the Upper Airways:
- Infection of the Lungs:
- Problems with the Heart:
- Effects on the Immune System:
- Effects on Blood Vessels:
- Problems with the Brain:
- Problems with the Liver:
- Kidney Disease:
- Is There Anything Wrong with Me?
- Covid-19 Medication:
- Drug to Treat COVID-19 Approved by FDA:
- COVID-19 can be Treated with Hydroxychloroquine:
- Tips from COVID-19 for Protecting yourself:
The COVID-19 Abbreviation Stands for:
The World Health Organization (WHO) referred to the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2 as COVID-19, which stands for “coronavirus disease 2019.” So-called to avoid implying any connection between the virus’s origins and any particular ethnicity, geographic location, or even animal species.
A Virus Causes COVID-19 Called What?
Coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 virus) was discovered in Wuhan, China in December 2019.
How Long does it take for COVID-19 to Spread?
A person can be infectious for 1-3 days before experiencing any symptoms. Even if an infected person is not showing any signs, they can still spread the disease. Peak viral load in upper respiratory samples typically occurs within the first week of symptoms and begins to decline after that time.
People with mild to moderate COVID-19, including immunocompromised individuals, may be infectious for up to 10 days after the onset of symptoms. In comparison, those with severe covide may be infectious for up to 20 days.
How COVID-19 is Spreading:
COVID-19 is transmitted through an infected person’s exhalation of virus-containing droplets and microparticles. A person’s eyes, nose, or mouth may become infected if they contact these droplets and particles. They may inadvertently contaminate surfaces they come into contact with. Proximity to infected people increases the risk of infection.
It is Possible to Spread COVID-19 in Three Ways:
Tiny droplets and particles that contain the virus can land on the eyes, nose, or mouth through splashes and sprays like a cough or sneeze.
- Breathing in the air when close to an infected person exhaling tiny droplets and particles containing the virus.
- Touching eyes, nose, or mouth with hands has the virus on them.
- The SARS-CoV-2 virus is responsible for Coronavirus disease (COVID-19).
COVID 19 A Quick Overview:
While some people may experience a mild to moderate respiratory illness, most will recover without the need for additional care. A small number of patients, on the other hand, will require medical attention. ‘
An increased risk of serious illness is seen in the elderly and those with preexisting medical conditions such as heart or circulatory disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, or cancer. COVID-19 can affect anyone at any age and cause severe illness or death.
Being well-informed about the disease and its spread are the best ways to prevent and slow transmission.
For example, staying at least one meter away from others, wearing a properly-fitting mask, washing your hands or using an alcohol-based rub frequently are all ways to keep yourself and others safe from infection. To be safe, get your shots when the time comes and listen to medical professionals in your area.
An infected person coughs, sneezes, speak or breathes. Small liquid particles can spread the virus. From large respiratory droplets to tiny aerosols, these particles can be found. As a rule of thumb, if you’re sick, stay at home and self-segregate until you’re well enough to return to your routine.
New COVID Symptoms:
Symptoms may begin to appear within 2-14 days of infection. COVID-19 may be present in people with these new Covid symptoms:
- The flu or a high fever
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of senses
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomit
- Look out for COVID-19 emergency warning signs.
Seek immediate medical attention if the following new COVID symptoms are:
- Breathing problems
- There is still persistent pain or pressure in the chest.
- Failure to wake or to remain awake.
- Pale, grey or blue-hued lips and nails are possible depending on skin tone.
- Different people are affected by COVID-19 in different ways. Hospitalization is rarely required for mild to moderate cases of illness.
Categorizing the stages of COVID based on new COVID symptoms would reveal:
The following are the most frequently encountered signs and new COVID symptoms:
- A loss of taste or smell are all possible side effects.
It is less common for people to experience the following symptoms:
- A sore throat, headache
- Body aches and pains
- An itchy or red rash on the skin
- Discoloured fingers or toes and watery eyes
- Chest pain, difficulty breathing, and loss of speech or mobility are all signs of a severe condition.
- If you experience any severe symptoms, you should seek medical attention immediately. Before making an appointment with your doctor or going to the hospital, make sure you call first.
- As long as you are otherwise healthy and have mild symptoms, it would help to manage them at home.
- An infection with the virus usually takes 5–6 days before symptoms appear, but it can take up to 14 days in some cases.
- Get vaccinated against COVID-19 and keep up-to-date on your covide vaccinations.
- To avoid getting sick, the COVID-19 vaccine is highly effective. In terms of averting severe illness, hospitalization, and death, the COVID-19 vaccine is a game-changer.
- People with compromised immune systems and healthy individuals should keep up-to-date on their COVID-19 vaccines to help slow the spread of SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVIDE.
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An Illuminated Side-Mask Headpiece:
Put on a Hand:
- In areas where the COVID-19 Community Level is high, everyone ages two years and older should wear a well-fitting mask indoors, regardless of vaccination status.
- The mask that best fits protect and is most comfortable for you should be used.
- You should wear a mask indoors if the COVID-19 Community Level is high and you are at least two years old.
- You should wear a mask if you have covide and need to be around other people or are responsible for someone who has it.
- Speak to your healthcare provider about wearing a mask at medium COVID-19 Community Levels if you are at increased risk for severe illness or live with or spend time with someone at increased risk.
- Even if a person is up to date on their COVID-19 vaccines, they may not be fully protected if they have a condition or are taking medication that weakens their immune system. Health care providers should be consulted before taking any further measures.
- See COVID-19 Vaccines for Moderately or Severely Immunocompromised People for additional information.
- On planes, buses, trains, and other modes of public transportation that travel into, within, or out of the United States, passengers must wear a mask over their nose and mouth. Outdoor areas of a conveyance do not necessitate passengers’ use of a show (like on open deck areas of a ferry or the uncovered top deck of a bus).
Keep a distance of 6 feet or more Between you and the People around you:
People who are sick should be avoided nearby in your own home. Keep a distance of six feet or more between the ill person and the rest of the family. If you care for the sick, wear a well-fitting mask and take other precautions to keep yourself safe.
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6 Feet Away from Other People in Public:
Stay at least 6 feet away from other people in public if you haven’t had the COVID-19 vaccine, especially if you’re at risk of getting very sick.
- icons are slashed with a slash symbol
- Stay away from crowded areas and places with poor ventilation.
- If you’re inside, open the windows and doors, if possible, to bring in some fresh air.
- Avoid crowded places and indoor spaces that lack fresh air from the outside if you risk becoming ill from COVID-19.
- an icon of a virus with a light
- To ensure that the disease does not spread to others, conduct a test.
- There are a wide variety of tests to choose from.
- It is possible to be infected with SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19) by taking a test for it. It’s known as a viral test because it detects viral infections.
- You should isolate yourself and inform your closest friends and family members if you get a positive test result, regardless of the type of test you choose.
- Viral tests that can be used at home or anywhere are accessible and provide fast results with over-the-counter tests. Regardless of vaccination status or symptoms, anyone can use self-tests.
- COVID-19 testing, along with vaccination, masking, and physical distance, are all risk-reduction measures that protect you and others by reducing the likelihood of spreading.
Wash the Icon with your Hands:
Frequently Wash Your Hands:
- When you’ve been in a public place, or if you’ve blown your nose, coughed, or sneezed, wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- Before eating or touching your face, after using the restroom (especially after sneezing or blowing your nose), after touching animals or pets, and after caring for someone ill, it’s essential to wash your hands thoroughly.
- Use a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol in the absence of soap and water. Rub your hands together until they are scorched.
- Wash your hands before using them around your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- light-up box of tissues
Coughs and Sneezes:
- Your mask allows you to sneeze or cough into it. Wash your hands and put on a new mask as soon as possible.
- When you cough or sneeze without a mask, use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose, or use the inside of your elbow and avoid spitting.
- After using a tissue, immediately flush it down the toilet and wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. It is preferable to use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer when soap and water are not readily available.
Disinfect and Sanitize:
- Make sure to clean your home’s high-touch surfaces regularly or as needed, and whenever you have guests over. Towels, toilets, faucets and sinks are all included in this category, tabletop and doorknob handle, and light switches and counters.
Covid 19 Testing:
What kinds of COVID Testing are Available?
In terms of covid testing, there are two main categories.
- Diagnostic test for covid testing
- Antibody test for covid testing
Diagnostic Test for Covid Testing:
Diagnostic test of Covid testing a diagnostic test is available to determine whether or not you have an active coronavirus infection that necessitates isolation from others. Antigen tests and molecular (RT-PCR) tests are the two most commonly used methods for determining whether or not a virus is present. Saliva samples are typically taken by spitting into a tube or swabbing the nostrils or throat.
Antibody Test for Covid Testing:
Antibody test of Covid testing when the immune system detects a threat, like a specific virus, it performs an antibody test to see if any antibodies have been produced. In addition, immunoglobulins can aid in the fight against the disease. After an infection, antibodies may take days or weeks to develop and may remain in your blood for weeks after recovery. If you want to test yourself on Covid 19, you can do so at home or anywhere else. The results of COVID-19 self-tests can be obtained in a matter of minutes, regardless of whether or not you have symptoms or have been vaccinated.
At-Home Tests, or OTC Tests are Used to Describe Covid Testing:
- The results are provided in a matter of minutes, as opposed to days or weeks for traditional laboratory tests.
- With vaccination, a well-fitting face mask, and physical distance from others, self-tests reduce the risk of spreading COVID-19.
- Self-tests do not detect antibodies that would indicate a previous infection, and they do not measure your level of immunity.
The Human Body’s Reaction to Covid 19:
Doctors are still studying COVID-19’s long-term and short-term effects on your body. Flu-like symptoms can be a harbinger of things to come for some people. Eventually, it may impact other organs such as the lungs, liver, kidneys, and even the brain.
Infection of the Upper Airways:
Your nose, sinuses, and throat are the most common places to find the virus after it enters your body. This is where it stays for the majority of people. Once the virus has entered healthy cells and begun to reproduce, you may not experience any symptoms for up to two weeks. Even if you don’t show any signs, you can pass it on to others.
Infection of the Lungs:
COVID-19 may enter your lungs if your immune system cannot control the virus in the first week or so. The virus targets those cells that line them. The buildup of fluid and mucus makes it more difficult for your blood to get the oxygen it needs. Breathing becomes difficult. This is a bacterial infection known as pneumonia. Most people are back to normal within a week or two, but some may need more time.
When you have ARDS, your COVID-19 pneumonia gets worse quickly, and the body’s response can further damage your lungs, making it more difficult for you to breathe. For example, a buildup of gunk begins to accumulate in the tiny, delicate air sacs (known as alveoli) responsible for transporting oxygen into your blood. CT and X-rays can reveal large areas of your lungs that are not receiving any air at all. When your blood oxygen levels drop dangerously low, you’ll most likely require the assistance of a ventilator to keep yourself breathing.
Problems with the Heart:
People with COVID-19 have a higher risk of developing heart problems, incredibly when critically ill. Among them:
- Arrhythmia. An erratic heart rate or racing
- Cardiomyopathy. Thick, stiff heart tissue impairs your heart’s ability to pump blood.
- Injuries to the heart in an instant. Troponin, a protein produced in large quantities by the body, is one such release. This is a common side effect of a damaged heart.
- Shock. Because of a lack of blood flow from your heart.
Effects on the Immune System:
COVID-19’s more severe side effects may be caused by an overreaction of the body’s immune system, according to some medical experts. When cytokines, chemical signalling agents, reach dangerously high levels, immune cells begin attacking healthy tissues. Cytokine storm, say the doctors. Low blood pressure, organ failure, and blood vessel damage can all result.
Effects on Blood Vessels:
Your blood vessels may be at risk because COVID-19 appears to be able to attack the cells that line them. Blood clots can lead to strokes and pulmonary embolisms, and heart problems. D-dimer is a substance found in the blood of people who are seriously ill with COVIDE. More blood clots are on the way.
Problems with the Brain:
Several neurological issues, such as seizures, appear to be exacerbated by COVID-19. For example, swelling of the brain or inflammation of the CNS may cause these symptoms. Loss of consciousness and a diminished sense of smell are two additional signs that your brain is malfunctioning.
Problems with the Liver:
About half of those hospitalized for COVID-19 are showing signs of liver damage. So it’s possible that it’s not the virus that’s causing it. This can also be caused by medication or an overworked Immune system.
Those suffering from COVIDE are prone to this. Preexisting medical conditions and medication can all play a role in the symptoms you’re experiencing.
New coronaviruses infecting humans cause severe inflammation of the lungs. Cells and tissue lining the air sacs in your lungs are damaged by smoking. Oxygen is processed and delivered to your blood in these sacs. As a result, your lungs become clogged due to the damage.
Is There Anything Wrong with Me?
According to some research, up to 40% of people with COVID-19 are asymptomatic. In other words, they don’t have any signs or symptoms of illness. However, you can still be infected by the virus. For example, the “ground-glass opacities,” a typical lung lesion in people with COVID-19, can be seen on some X-rays and CT scans of people without symptoms.
Medication Used to Treat COVID Symptoms:
- Many over-the-counter medications can lower fevers and alleviate muscle aches and body pains, as well as make the illness more bearable.
- Acetaminophen, also known as paracetamol or Tylenol, can treat COVID-19 because it can reduce fevers and alleviate muscle pain and body aches. Therefore, no matter how much you take, acetaminophen will not cure you of your cold or flu.
Drug to Treat COVID-19 Approved by FDA:
FDA has approved one drug treatment for COVID-19 and authorized others for use in emergencies during this public health crisis. Additional anti-COVID-19 therapies are being evaluated in clinical trials to see if they are safe and helpful.
Drugs Ibuprofen is an anti-inflammatory drug that may be used to treat COVID-19 symptoms such as fever and muscle aches, among other things. Aside from making you feel better, ibuprofen doesn’t treat the virus itself.
COVID 19 Treatment:
Remdesivir is the first drug approved by the FDA to treat COVID 19 patients over the age of 12.
COVID-19 can be Treated with Hydroxychloroquine:
COVID-19 patients should not be given hydroxychloroquine, according to current research (as of October 8, 2020). It is possible that patients were given hydroxychloroquine under “Emergency Use Authorization” early in the pandemic, but it did not affect the morbidity or mortality rates. THE FDA HAS PROHIBITED using COVID-19 hydroxychloroquine outside a hospital setting because of the potential for heart rhythm problems (source). Researchers have learned to be more cautious about using drugs as emergency treatments without the results of clinical trials from this pandemic (source). In addition, many hydroxychloroquine clinical trials have been halted early due to safety concerns. This is the best way to learn how to treat COVID-19.
Tips from COVID-19 for Protecting yourself:
Keep at least two weeks’ worth of food and household supplies on hand in case you need to stay at home. You may want to think about having your medication, food, and mail delivered to your home by family, friends, or businesses you trust. Be prepared to have someone else look after your children and pets if you become ill.